Welcome to your interactive handout for our research-based instruction professional development series! Here you will find information you need to learn more about instructional practices that are grounded in research, along with links to various additional resources.
Why does it matter if instructional practices are research-based?
Steady implementation of research-based practices within education could lead to irreversible progress (Slavin, 2002).
Research-based practices are work. They are tried and true; they have been shown to be effective time and time again.
No Child Left Behind (No Child Left Behind [NCLB], 2002) requires the use of scientifically proven practices in schools (Odom, et al., 2005).
We need to make the most of the limited instructional time we have with students - using instructional practices that are research-based help us to make every minute count.
Examples of Research-Based Instructional Practices: Rosenshine's Principles of Instruction (Rosenshine, 2012):
Begin lessons with short reviews of previous learning
Present new material in small
steps with student practice that follows each step
Ask lots of questions and
gauge responses of all students
Guide student practice
Require and monitor independent
Engage students in weekly and monthly reviews
Marzano's Nine Categories of Successful Instructional Strategies (Marzano, 1998):
Identify similarities and differences
Summarize and note taking
Reinforcing effort and providing recognition
Homework and practice
Setting objectives and providing feedback
Generating and testing hypotheses
Cues, questions, and advanced organizers
So, do I throw all of my other practices out the window and just focus on ones that are presented as 'research-based'?
NO.As we have seen, it is important to work collaboratively and creatively to ensure effective
instructional practices that are research-based are being utilized within our
classrooms. However, it is important to note that it takes more than a matter of
accessing, appraising, and implementing research findings. It also involves
integrating this information with professional judgment and experience. You know your students, and you have had experience with what works and what doesn't for individual students. An integration of research-based practices and your knowledge of your students makes for a successful, effective learning experience.